The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2022

Home Checklist Omitted Records Bibliography

 

Summary list of rejected and/or misidentified records

Atypidae Thorell, 1870

1)    Atypus muralis Bertkau, 1890

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Central Europe to Turkmenistan.

References:

A. m.: Kraus & Baur, 1974: 107 (misidentified per Schwendinger, 1990: 358, attributed to Atypus piceus (Sulzer, 1776)).

Dysderidae C. L. Koch, 1837

2)    Dysdera concinna L. Koch, 1878

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Azerbaijan.

References:

D. c.: Pocock, 1889: 112 (misidentified per Deeleman-Reinhold & Deeleman, 1988: 236, attributed to Dysdera pococki Dunin, 1985).

3)    Harpactea babori (Nosek, 1905)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey.

References:

H. b.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139 (misidentified per Zamani, Marusik & Koponen, 2017: 261, attributed to Harpactea parthica Brignoli, 1980).

4)    Harpactea dobati Alicata, 1974

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Turkey.

References:

H. d.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139 (misidentified per Zamani, Marusik & Koponen, 2017: 261, attributed to Harpactea parthica Brignoli, 1980).

Sicariidae Keyserling, 1880

5)    Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour, 1820)

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Southern Europe, northern Africa to Iran. Introduced to USA, Mexico, Macaronesia, South Africa, India, China, Japan, Korea, Laos, Thailand, Australia, Hawaii.

References:

L. r.: Sadeghi, Dashan & Malek-Hosseini, 2017: 157, f. 24 (♂, misidentified per Zamani, Mirshamsi & Marusik, 2021: 671, attributed to Loxosceles persica Ribera & Zamani, 2017).

Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850

6)    Artema transcaspica Spassky, 1934

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

References:

A. t.: Roewer, 1955: 752 (misidentified per Mozaffarian & Marusik, 2001: 71, attributed to Artema doriae (Thorell, 1881)).

Comment: Records of this species by Ghahari & Marusik (2009: 4) and Sadeghi et al. (2016: 6) were attributed to A. doriae by Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev (2017: 30), but this was rejected by Zamani et al. (2020: 585) and the records were reassigned to A. transcaspica).

7)    Psilochorus simoni (Berland, 1911)

Records: Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: USA. Introduced to Europe, Turkey, Iran, New Zealand.

References:

P. s.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2019b: 240).

Comment: Although the misidentification by Ghahari & Marusik (2019) is not clearly stated in Zamani et al. (2019b), the latter publication lists the exact same material mentioned in the former paper, this time determined by B. A. Huber.

Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833

8)    Enoplognatha mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981

Records: Ardabil.

Distribution: Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

E. m.: Ghavami, 2006b: 1846 (misidentified per Zamani, 2015: 17, attributed to Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)).

9)    Euryopis flavomaculata (C. L. Koch, 1836)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Central Asia, China, Japan.

References:

E. f.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, attributed to Euryopis sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846)).

10) Latrodectus hasselti Thorell, 1870

Records: Bushehr, Hormozgan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: India, Southeast Asia to Australia, New Zealand.

References:

L. hasseltii: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 255, pl. 26, f. 4, pl. 27, f. 6 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65, attributed to Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865).

L. hasselti: Roewer, 1959: 12 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 64).

L. h.: Goudarzi & Abdigoudarzi, 2010: 168 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65, attributed to Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865).

L. h.: Shahi et al., 2011: 64 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65, attributed to Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865).

L. h.: Khoobdel et al., 2019: 159 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65, attributed to Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865).

Araneidae Clerck, 1757

11) Araniella proxima (Kulczyński, 1885)

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Turkey, Kazakhstan.

References:

A. p.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani, Marusik & Šestáková, 2020: 15, attributed to Araniella mithra Zamani, Marusik & Šestáková, 2020).

Linyphiidae Blackwall, 1859

12) Erigonoplus nigrocaeruleus (Simon, 1881)

Records: Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari.

Distribution: France (Corsica), Italy (Sardinia, mainland).

References:

E. n.: Tanasevitch, 2008: 478 (misidentified per Tanasevitch, 2009: 393, attributed to Erigonoplus zagros Tanasevitch, 2009).

13) Megalepthyphantes nebulosus (Sundevall, 1830)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran.

References:

Lepthyphantes n.: Roewer, 1955: 753 (misidentified per Tanasevitch, 2009: 400, attributed to Megalepthyphantes nebulosoides (Wunderlich, 1977)).

14) Tenuiphantes mengei (Kulczyński, 1887)

Records: Ardabil, Gilan, Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Central Asia.

References:

T. m.: Tanasevitch, 2008: 485 (misidentified per Tanasevitch, 2009: 411, attributed to Tenuiphantes perseus (van Helsdingen, 1977)).

15) Tenuiphantes zimmermanni (Bertkau, 1890)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey.

References:

Lepthyphantes z.: Ghavami, 2006b: 1841 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2019b: 239, attributed to Tenuiphantes perseus (van Helsdingen, 1977)).

Eresidae C. L. Koch, 1845

16) Eresus cinnaberinus (Olivier, 1789)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Europe.

References:

E. c.: Kakhki, 2005b: 60 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014: 363, attributed to Eresus kollari Rossi, 1846).

17) Stegodyphus dufouri (Audouin, 1826)

Records: Mazandaran (?).

Distribution: North, West Africa.

References:

S. d.: Roewer, 1955: 782 (misidentified per Namaghi et al., 2016: 19, attributed to Stegodyphus pacificus Pocock, 1900).

Oecobiidae Blackwall, 1862

18)Uroctea durandi (Latreille, 1809)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Mediterranean.

References:

U. d.: Roewer, 1955: 752 (misidentified per Zamani & Bosselaers, 2020: 45, attributed to Uroctea grossa Roewer, 1960).

19)Uroctea limbata (C. L. Koch, 1843)

Records: Hormozgan, Ilam, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Senegal to North Africa.

References:

U. l.: Hosseini et al., 2014: 440, f. 57 (♂♀, misidentified per Namaghi et al., 2016: 20, attributed to Uroctea thaleri Rheims, Santos & van Harten, 2007).

U. I.: Zamani, 2015: 14 (misidentified per Zamani & Bosselaers, 2020: 52, attributed to Uroctea thaleri Rheims, Santos & van Harten, 2007).

U. l.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6 (misidentified per Zamani & Bosselaers, 2020: 52, attributed to Uroctea thaleri Rheims, Santos & van Harten, 2007).

U. l.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60 (misidentified per Zamani & Bosselaers, 2020: 51, attributed to Uroctea gambronica Zamani & Bosselaers, 2020).

Zodariidae Thorell, 1881

20)Trygetus jacksoni Marusik & Guseinov, 2003

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: Azerbaijan.

References:

T. j.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 188 (misidentified per Zamani & Marusik, 2021b: 184, attributed to Trygetus susianus Zamani & Marusik, 2021).

Sparassidae Bertkau, 1872

21)Cebrennus kochi (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Bushehr.

Distribution: Syria, Israel.

References:

C. k.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 365 (misidentified per Moradmand, Zamani & Jäger, 2016: 189, rejected without reattribution).

22) Eusparassus walckenaeri (Audouin, 1826)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Greece, Turkey, Algeria to Iraq, Sudan, Iran (?).

References:

E. tersus: Roewer, 1955: 775 (misidentified per Moradmand & Jäger, 2012: 2462, attributed to Eusparassus doriae (Simon, 1874)).

23) Eusparassus xerxes (Pocock, 1901)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: United Arab Emirates, Iran, Pakistan.

References:

Olios x.: Kakhki, 2005b: 61 (misidentified per Moradmand, Mirshamsi & Hula, 2015: 108, attributed to Olios sericeus (Kroneberg, 1875)).

Lycosidae Sundevall, 1833

24) Alopecosa accentuata (Latreille, 1817)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe.

References:

A. a.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 138 (misidentified per Breitling et al. (2016) and Canard & Cruveillier (2019), attributed to Alopecosa farinosa (Herman, 1879)).

25) Arctosa leopardus (Sundevall, 1833)

Records: Ilam.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Iran, Central Asia.

References:

A. l.: Zamani, 2015: 14 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2021b: 284, attributed to Arctosa bamiana (Roewer, 1960)).

26) Hogna ferox (Lucas, 1838)

Records: Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Isfahan, Kerman, Kurdistan, Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran.

Distribution: Canary Islands.

References:

H. f.: Marusik & Nadolny, 2020: 72, f. 14 (♂♀, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2020: 585, attributed to Hogna effera (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)).

27) Lycosa suzukii Yaginuma, 1960

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Russia (Far East), China, Korea, Japan.

References:

L. s.: Ghavami, 2006b: 1842 (misidentified per Nadolny & Zamani, 2017: 597, attributed to Lycosa praegrandis C. L. Koch, 1836).

28) Pardosa azerifalcata Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Russia (Caucasus), Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

P. a.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 107 (misidentified per Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 12, attributed to Pardosa italica Tongiorgi, 1966).

29) Pardosa monticola (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Georgia.

References:

P. m.: Ghavami, 2006b: 1842 (misidentified per Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012: 122, attributed to Pardosa buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979).

P. m.: Ghavami, 2007: 687 (misidentified per Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012: 122, attributed to Pardosa buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979).

P. m.: Ghavami et al., 2007a: 2565 (misidentified per Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012: 122, attributed to Pardosa buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979).

P. m.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (misidentified per Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012: 122, attributed to Pardosa buchari Ovtsharenko, 1979).

30) Pardosa pontica (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Romania, Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

P. p.: Marusik, Ballarin & Omelko, 2012: 117, f. 46, 1213, 1819, 23, 35, 41 (♂♀, misidentified in part per Shafaie et al., 2018a: 353, attributed to Pardosa mirzakhaniae Shafaie, Mirshamsi, Aliabadian, Moradmand & Marusik, 2018).

P. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 12 (misidentified per Shafaie et al., 2018a: 353, attributed to Pardosa mirzakhaniae Shafaie, Mirshamsi, Aliabadian, Moradmand & Marusik, 2018).

Thomisidae Sundevall, 1833

31) Monaeses paradoxus (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Bushehr.

Distribution: Southern Europe, Caucasus, Africa.

References:

M. p.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 366 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2021b: suppl., 304, attributed to Monaeses israeliensis Levy, 1973).

Clubionidae Wagner, 1887

32) Porrhoclubiona genevensis (L. Koch, 1866)

Records: Fars, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Iran, Central Asia.

References:

Clubiona g.: Zamani et al., 2016: 104 (misidentified in part per Marusik & Omelko, 2018: 33, attributed to Porrhoclubiona moradmandi Marusik & Omelko, 2018).

Clubiona g.: Zamani et al., 2016: 104, f. 78, 10 (♀, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2017b: 58, attributed to Porrhoclubiona vegeta (Simon, 1918)).

Gnaphosidae Banks, 1892

33) Drassyllus praeficus (L. Koch, 1866)

Records: Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad.

Distribution: Europe to Central Asia.

References:

D. p.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 206 (misidentified in part, per Zamani et al., 2020: 575, attributed to Drassyllus villicoides (Giltay, 1932)).

34) Gnaphosa azerbaidzhanica Tuneva & Esyunin, 2003

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Azerbaijan.

References:

G. azerbaidzhanica: Zamani et al., 2020: 575, f. 3DE (♂, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2021b: 283, attributed to Gnaphosa tigrina Simon, 1878).

35) Zelotes tenuis (L. Koch, 1866)

Records: Markazi.

Distribution: Mediterranean and Central Europe to Russia (Caucasus). Introduced to Galapagos Is., USA.

References:

Z. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 11, f. 4 (♀, misidentified per Gajdoš, Černecká & Šestáková, 2019: 58, attributed to Zelotes fulvaster (Simon, 1878)).

Salticidae Blackwall, 1841

36) Attulus ammophilus (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Unknown province.

Distribution: Romania, Ukraine, Russia (Europe).

References:

Sitticus a.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017c: 39, attributed to Attulus vilis (Kulczyński, 1895)).

37) Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia to Central Asia, Japan.

References:

H. a.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108 (misidentified per Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15, attributed to Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)).

38) Plexippus coccineus Simon, 1902

Records: Alborz, Tehran.

Distribution: Turkey.

References:

P. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 66, attributed to Plexippus strandi Spassky, 1939).

39) Plexippus devorans (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Golestan, Kerman, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Israel.

References:

P. d.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58, attributed to Plexippus gershomi Prószyński, 2017).

P. d.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58, attributed to Plexippus gershomi Prószyński, 2017).

P. d.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58, attributed to Plexippus gershomi Prószyński, 2017).

40)  Plexippoides flavescens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Lorestan.

Distribution: Greece to Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sudan.

References:

P. f.: Logunov, 2015: 74 (misidentified in part per Logunov, 2021: 768, attributed to Plexippoides gestroi (Dalmas, 1920)).

41) Synageles dalmaticus (Keyserling, 1863)

Records: Markazi, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Caucasus (Russia, Azerbaijan).

References:

S. d.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163 (misidentified per Logunov, 2004: 37, attributed to Synageles persianus Logunov, 2004).