The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2019



 

Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833

1)   Anelosimus pulchellus (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe to Russia, Iran, North Africa.

References:

A. p.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

2)   Asagena phalerata (Panzer, 1801)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Europe to Far East), Central Asia, China, Korea.

References:

A. p.: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

3)   Crustulina sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861)

Records: Alborz.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (European to Sibiria), Kazakhstan, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

C. s.: Zamani, 2015: 16 (distribution record).

4)   Dipoena melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

D. m.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

5)   Enoplognatha iraqi Najim, Al-Hadlak & Seyyar, 2015^

Records: Khuzestan (?), Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iraq, Iran.

References:

E. i. Najim, Al-Hadlak & Seyyar, 2015: 185 f. 2-4 (♂♀).

E. i.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65 (distribution record).

6)   Enoplognatha latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982

Records: Alborz, Tehran.

Distribution: Canada, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

E. l.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 366 (distribution record).

E. l.: Zamani, 2016b: 99 (distribution record).

7)   Enoplognatha macrochelis Levy & Amitai, 1981

Records: Ilam, Kermanshah, Lorestan.

Distribution: Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

E. m.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

8)   Enoplognatha mandibularis (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Israel, Iran, Russia to Central Asia, China.

References:

E. m.: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

9)   Enoplognatha mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981^

Records: Ardebil.

Distribution: Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

E. m.: Ghavami, 2006: 1846 (distribution record).

10)                      Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Ardebil.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia to Tajikistan, China.

References:

E. m.: Zamani, 2015: 17 (distribution record).

11)                      Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Sibiria), Japan.

References:

E. o.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

12)                      Enoplognatha thoracica (Hahn, 1833)

Records: Ilam, Isfahan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, North Africa, Syria, Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2017: 65 (distribution record).

E. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16 (distribution record).

13)                      Enoplognatha turkestanica Charitonov, 1946

Records: Hormozgan.

Distribution: Central Asia, Iran.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

14)                      Episinus truncatus Latreille, 1809

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

E. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 100 (distribution record).

15)                      Euryopis clara Ponomarev, 2005

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

E. clarus: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, f. 6A-F (♂♀).

16)                      Euryopis quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Egypt to Turkmenistan.

References:

E. q.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

17)                      Euryopis sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Ukraine, Russia (Caucasus), Iran.

References:

E. flavomaculata: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2017b: 65).

18)                      Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia to Central Asia, China.

References:

H. n.: Knoflach, Rollard & Thaler, 2009: 238, f. 32-33, 44, 59 (♂♀).

H. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (distribution record).

H. n.: Zamani, 2016b: 101 (distribution record).

H. n.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16 (distribution record).

19)                      Kochiura aulica (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Records: Gilan, Kordestan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Canary Is., Cape Verde Is. to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

Anelosimus aulicus: Ghavami, 2006: 1846 (distribution record).

K. a.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

K. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

20)                      Lasaeola prona (Menge, 1868)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Zanjan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Caucasus, Iran, Japan.

References:

Dipoena p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

Dipoena p.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

21)                      Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865

Records: Bushehr, Hormozgan, Khuzestan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Africa, Kuwait, Iran.

References:

L. hasselti: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 255, pl. 26, f. 4, pl. 27, f. 6 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Goudarzi & Abdigoudarzi, 2010: 168 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Shahi et al., 2011: 64 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. c.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2D, 3D, 4D (♂♀).

L. c.: Zamani, 2016b: 102 (distribution record).

22)                      Latrodectus dahli Levi, 1959

Records: Bushehr, East Azarbayjan, Fars, Hormozgan, North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan.

Distribution: Morocco to Tajikistan.

References:

L. d. Levi, 1959: 42, f. 11-12 (♀).

L. d.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 56, f. 4A-E (♂♀).

L. d.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. d.: Jäger & Gromov, 2011: 188, f. 1-2 (♀).

L. d.: Rahmani et al., 2014: 85 (distribution record).

L. d.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2A, 3A, 4B (♂♀).

23)                      Latrodectus geometricus C.L. Koch, 1841

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Africa. Introduced to both Americas, Near East, Iran, Pakistan, India, Thailand, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Hawaii.

References:

L. g.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. g.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60 (distribution record).

24)                      Latrodectus pallidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, Hormozgan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan, Semnan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Libya to Uzbekistan.

References:

L. p.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 253, pl. 26, f. 1 (distribution record).

L. p.: Shulov, 1940: 319 (distribution record).

L. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 54, f. 3A-E (♂♀).

L. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

L. p.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. p.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2C, 3C, 4E (♂♀).

L. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 54 (distribution record).

25)                      Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790)

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, East or West Azarbayjan, Fars, Golestan, Hormozgan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean to northwestern China.

References:

Lathrodectus tredecim-guttatus: Pocock, 1899: 400 (distribution record).

L. t.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 254, pl. 26, f. 3 (distribution record).

Lathrodectes t.: Werner, 1936: 203 (distribution record).

Lathrodectes t.: Pavlovsky, 1942: 62 (distribution record).

L. t.: Roewer, 1959: 12 (distribution record).

L. hasselti: Roewer, 1959: 12 (distribution record, misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 64).

L. teredecimguttatus: Darvish & Mirshamsi, 1999: 5, f. 4a-c, 6a-d, 7 (♂♀).

L. t.: Mirshamsi, 2005a: 54, f. 2A-E (♂♀).

L. t.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

L. t.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

L. t.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

L. t.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53 (distribution record).

L. t.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2B, 3B, 4C (♂♀).

L. t.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

L. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 106 (distribution record).

L. t.: Sanaei-Zadeh, 2017: 4704 (distribution record).

L. t.: Mollaiizadeh et al., 2017: 562 (distribution record).

26)                      Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

Records: Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Sibiria), Central Asia, China, Japan.

References:

N. b.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345 (distribution record).

N. b.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

27)                      Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Iran, Russia.

References:

P. l.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

28)                      Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C.L. Koch, 1841)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: South America. Introduced to Canada, USA, Europe, Iran, Seychelles, China, Japan, New Zealand, Hawaii.

References:

Achaearanea t.: Mozaffarian, 2000: 108 (distribution record).

Achaearanea t.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

P. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

P. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

29)                      Pholcomma gibbum (Westring, 1851)

Records: Ardebil (?).

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran (?).

References:

P. g.: Marusik & Guseinov, 2003: 43 (distribution record).

Comment: This species was reported from the border of Iran and Azerbaijan in Astara. Although there are no records of it from Iran, we assume that it should be widespread in northeastern part of the country.

30)                      Phylloneta impressa (C. L. Koch, 1881)

Records: Ardebil, Fars, Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, West Azarbayjan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Sibiria), China, India.

References:

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2007: 690 (distribution record).

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

Theridion impressum: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183 (distribution record).

P. i.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108 (distribution record).

P. i.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

31)                      Platnickina tincta (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: East Azarbayjan, Gilan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran.

References:

Theridion tinctum: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).

32)                      Robertus arundineti (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia to Central Asia, China.

References:

R. a.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

33)                      Robertus lividus (Blackwall, 1836)

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: USA (Alaska), Europe, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (European to Far East).

References:

Ctenium lividum: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).

34)                      Simitidion simile (C.L. Koch, 1836)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Canada, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Iran.

References:

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

Theridion s.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. s.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

S. s.: Zamani, 2016b: 110 (distribution record).

35)                      Steatoda albomaculata (De Geer, 1778)

Records: Alborz, Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Holarctic distribution from North America to Europe, North Africa to Iran, Siberia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

Lithyphantes albomaculatus: Roewer, 1955: 753 (distribution record).

S. a.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. a.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

S. albimaculata: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

S. a.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani, 2016b: 111 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58 (distribution record).

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

36)                      Steatoda bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Records: Gilan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran, Central Asia, China. Introduced to South America.

References:

S. b.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 68, f. 5E (♀).

37)                      Steatoda castanea (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, China. Introduced to Canada.

References:

S. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187 (distribution record).

38)                      Steatoda dahli (Nosek, 1905)

Records: Isfahan, Kordestan, Razavi Khorasan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Turkey to Kyrgyzstan.

References:

S. d.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58 (distribution record).

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

39)                      Steatoda ephippiata (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Algeria to Israel, Iran.

References:

S. e.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112 (distribution record).

40)                      Steatoda maura (Simon, 1909)

Records: Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Iran.

References:

S. m.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 112 (distribution record).

41)                      Steatoda nobilis (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Macaronesia. Introduced to USA, Chile, SW Europe, Turkey, Iran.

References:

S. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345 (distribution record).

42)                      Steatoda paykulliana (Walckenaer, 1805)

Records: Alborz, Ardebil, Bushehr, Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiary, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kordestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia.

References:

S. p.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

S. p.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

S. p.: Mirshamsi, 2006: 2, f. 2-6 (♂♀).

S. p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami, 2008: 687 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

S. p.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139 (distribution record).

S. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

S. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 37, f. 2N-O, 4P-Q (♂♀).

S. p.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

S. p.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 7 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani, 2016a: 13 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 113 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60 (distribution record).

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

43)                      Steatoda triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe. Introduced to Canada, USA, Canary Is.

References:

S. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

S. t.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14 (distribution record).

S. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 114 (distribution record).

S. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

S. t.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

44)                      Theridion hemerobium Walckenaer, 1805

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: USA, Canada, Europe, Turkey, Iran.

References:

T. h.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6 (distribution record).

T. h.: Zamani, 2015: 15 (distribution record).

T. h.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17 (distribution record).

45)                      Theridion hermonense Levy, 1991

Records: Hamedan.

Distribution: Tunisia, Israel, Iran.

References:

T. h.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187 (distribution record).

46)                      Theridion melanurum Hahn, 1831

Records: Golestan, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, West Azarbayjan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe to Siberia, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East. Introduced to USA.

References:

T. m.: Komposch, 2002: 103 (distribution record).

T. m.: Mirshamsi, 2005b: 63 (distribution record).

T. m.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (distribution record).

T. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 115 (distribution record).

T. m.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194 (distribution record).

47)                      Theridion varians Hahn, 1831

Records: Fars, Kerman.

Distribution: North America, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Europe to Siberia), Central Asia, China.

References:

T. v.: Roewer, 1955: 873 (distribution record).