The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2021

Home Checklist Omitted Records Bibliography

 

Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833

1)   Anelosimus pulchellus (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Iran, North Africa.

References:

A. p.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344.

2)   Asagena phalerata (Panzer, 1801)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea.

References:

A. p.: Roewer, 1955: 753.

3)   Crustulina guttata (Wider, 1834)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Canary Is., Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

C. g.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587, f. 11D (♂).

4)   Crustulina sticta (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1861)

Records: Alborz.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

C. s.: Zamani, 2015: 16.

5)   Dipoena melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

D. m.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344.

6)   Enoplognatha iraqi Najim, Al-Hadlak & Seyyar, 2015^

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iraq, Iran.

References:

E. i.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65.

7)   Enoplognatha latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982

Records: Alborz, Tehran.

Distribution: Canada, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) Central Asia, Iran.

References:

E. l.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 366.

E. l.: Zamani, 2016b: 99.

8)   Enoplognatha macrochelis Levy & Amitai, 1981

Records: Ilam, Kermanshah, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Lorestan.

Distribution: North Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

E. m.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

E. m.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

9)   Enoplognatha mandibularis (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Israel, Russia (Europe), Central Asia, Iran, China.

References:

E. m.: Roewer, 1955: 753.

10)  Enoplognatha margarita Yaginuma, 1964

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia (Baikal to Far East), China, Korea, Japan.

References:

E. m.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587, f. 11AC (♀).

11)  Enoplognatha mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981

Records: Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad.

Distribution: Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

E. m.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

12)  Enoplognatha mordax (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Ardabil.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Tajikistan, Iran, China.

References:

E. mediterranea: Ghavami, 2006: 1846 (misidentified per Zamani, 2015: 17).

E. m.: Zamani, 2015: 17.

13)   Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, Japan.

References:

E. o.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344.

14)  Enoplognatha thoracica (Hahn, 1833)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Ilam, Isfahan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, North Africa, Syria, Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2017: 65.

E. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16.

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587.

15)  Enoplognatha turkestanica Charitonov, 1946

Records: Hormozgan.

Distribution: Iran, Central Asia.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112.

16)  Episinus truncatus Latreille, 1809

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran.

References:

E. t.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344.

E. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 100.

17)   Euryopis clara Ponomarev, 2005

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Russia (Europe), Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

E. clarus: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, f. 6AF (♂♀).

18)  Euryopis quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Egypt, Caucasus, Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

E. q.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112.

19)  Euryopis sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Ukraine, Russia (Caucasus), Iran.

References:

E. flavomaculata: Zamani et al., 2015: 344 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2017b: 65).

20)  Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, Iran, China.

References:

H. n.: Knoflach, Rollard & Thaler, 2009: 239.

H. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 344.

H. n.: Zamani, 2016b: 101.

H. n.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16.

21) Kochiura aulica (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Records: Gilan, Kurdistan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., North Africa, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran.

References:

Anelosimus aulicus: Ghavami, 2006: 1846.

K. a.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

K. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

22)  Lasaeola prona (Menge, 1868)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Zanjan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Japan.

References:

Dipoena p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689.

Dipoena p.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567.

23)  Lasaeola tristis (Hahn, 1833)

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

L. t.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 241.

24)  Latrodectus cinctus Blackwall, 1865

Records: Bushehr, Hormozgan, Khuzestan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is., Africa, Kuwait, Iran.

References:

L. hasseltii: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 255, pl. 26, f. 4, pl. 27, f. 6 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Goudarzi & Abdigoudarzi, 2010: 168 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. hasselti: Shahi et al., 2011: 64 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

L. c.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2D, 3D, 4D (♂♀).

L. c.: Zamani, 2016b: 102.

L. hasselti: Khoobdel et al., 2019: 159 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 65).

25)  Latrodectus dahli Levi, 1959

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Hormozgan, Isfahan, Markazi, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan.

Distribution: North Africa, Cyprus, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Middle East, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

L. d. Levi, 1959: 42, f. 1112 (♀).

L. d.: Kakhki, 2005a: 56, f. 4AE (♂♀).

L. d.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53.

L. d.: Jäger & Gromov, 2011: 189.

L. d.: Akbari et al., 2013: 542.

L. d.: Rahmani et al., 2014: 85.

L. d.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 59, f. 2A, 3A, 4B (♂♀).

L. d.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 241.

26)  Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Africa. Introduced to both Americas, Poland, Middle East, Pakistan, India, Thailand, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Hawaii.

References:

L. g.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53.

L. g.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60.

27)  Latrodectus pallidus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, Hormozgan, Markazi, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, South Khorasan.

Distribution: Cape Verde Is. to Libya, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

L. p.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 253, pl. 26, f. 1.

L. p.: Shulov, 1940: 319.

L. p.: Kakhki, 2005a: 54, f. 3AE (♂♀).

L. p.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

L. p.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53.

L. p.: Akbari et al., 2013: 542.

L. p.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2C, 3C, 4E (♂♀).

L. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 54.

28)  Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790)

Records: Alborz, Bushehr, East or West Azerbaijan, Fars, Golestan, Hormozgan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranea, Ukraine, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China.

References:

Lathrodectus tredecim-guttatus: Pocock, 1899: 400.

L. t.: Pickard-Cambridge, 1902: 254, pl. 26, f. 3.

Lathrodectes t.: Werner, 1936: 203 (lapsus).

Lathrodectes t.: Pavlovsky, 1942: 62 (lapsus).

L. t.: Roewer, 1959: 12.

L. hasselti: Roewer, 1959: 12 (misidentified per Zamani et al., 2014a: 64).

L. teredecimguttatus: Darvish & Mirshamsi, 1999: 5, f. 4ac, 6ad, 7 (♂♀, lapsus).

L. t.: Kakhki, 2005a: 54, f. 2AE (♂♀).

L. t.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

L. t.: Ghavami, 2007: 689.

L. t.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567.

L. t.: Rafinejad et al., 2007: 53.

L. t.: Zamani et al., 2014a: 60, f. 2B, 3B, 4C (♂♀).

L. t.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

L. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 106.

L. t.: Sanaei-Zadeh, 2017: 4704.

L. t.: Mollaiizadeh et al., 2017: 562.

29)  Neottiura bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767)

Records: Golestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Japan.

References:

N. b.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345.

N. b.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

N. b.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587.

30)   Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran.

References:

P. l.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14.

31)  Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: South America. Introduced to Canada, USA, Seychelles, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Japan, New Zealand, Hawaii.

References:

Achaearanea t.: Mozaffarian, 2000: 108.

Achaearanea t.: Komposch, 2002: 103.

P. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6.

P. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

32)  Pholcomma gibbum (Westring, 1851)

Records: Ardabil (?).

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran (?).

References:

P. g.: Marusik & Guseinov, 2003: 43.

Comment: This species was reported from the border of Iran and Azerbaijan in Astara. Although there are no records of it from Iran, we assume that it should occur in northwestern part of the country.

33)  Phylloneta impressa (L. Koch, 1881)

Records: Ardabil, Fars, Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, India.

References:

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2007: 690.

Theridion impressum: Ghavami, 2008: 687.

Theridion impressum: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183.

P. i.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108.

P. i.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

34)  Platnickina tincta (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

Theridion tinctum: Roewer, 1955: 873.

P. t.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587.

35)  Robertus arundineti (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Fars.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China.

References:

R. a.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112.

R. a.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 241.

36)  Robertus lividus (Blackwall, 1836)

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: USA (Alaska), Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran.

References:

Ctenium lividum: Roewer, 1955: 873.

37)  Simitidion simile (C. L. Koch, 1836)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Canada, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2007: 689.

Theridion s.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567.

Theridion s.: Ghavami, 2008: 687.

Theridion s.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

S. s.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

S. s.: Zamani, 2016b: 110.

38)  Steatoda albomaculata (De Geer, 1778)

Records: Alborz, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, North Africa to Israel, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

Lithyphantes albomaculatus: Roewer, 1955: 753.

S. a.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

S. a.: Ghavami, 2007: 689.

S. albimaculata: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567 (lapsus).

S. a.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

S. a.: Zamani, 2016b: 111.

S. a.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58.

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

S. a.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587.

39)  Steatoda bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Records: Gilan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Iran, China. Introduced to South America.

References:

S. b.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 68, f. 5E (♀).

40)  Steatoda castanea (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, China. Introduced to Canada.

References:

S. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187.

41)  Steatoda dahli (Nosek, 1905)

Records: Isfahan, Kerman, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kurdistan, Razavi Khorasan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, Iran.

References:

S. d.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58.

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

S. d.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 211.

S. d.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 241.

42)  Steatoda ephippiata (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Algeria to Israel, Iran.

References:

S. e.: Zamani et al., 2016: 112.

43)  Steatoda maura (Simon, 1909)

Records: Hormozgan, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Iran.

References:

S. m.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

S. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 112.

S. m.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 242.

44)  Steatoda nobilis (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Macaronesia. Introduced to USA, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Europe, Turkey, Iran.

References:

S. n.: Zamani et al., 2015: 345.

45)  Steatoda paykulliana (Walckenaer, 1806)

Records: Alborz, Ardabil, Bushehr, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia.

References:

S. p.: Kakhki & Darvish, 2002: 163, f. 9b (♂).

S. p.: Komposch, 2002: 103.

S. p.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

S. p.: Kakhki, 2006: 2, f. 26 (♂♀).

S. p.: Ghavami, 2007: 689.

S. p.: Ghavami, 2008: 687.

S. p.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

S. p.: Ghavami et al., 2008: 183.

S. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6.

S. p.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139.

S. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14.

S. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 37, f. 2NO, 4PQ (♂♀).

S. p.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

S. p.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 7.

S. p.: Zamani, 2016a: 13.

S. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 113.

S. p.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60.

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

S. p.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 211.

S. p.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 242.

46)  Steatoda trianguloides Levy, 1991

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: France (Corsica), Cyprus, Israel, Iran.

References:

S. t.: Zamani et al., 2020: 587, f. 11EG (♂).

47)  Steatoda triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia. Introduced to Canada, USA, Canary Is.

References:

S. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6.

S. t.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 14.

S. t.: Zamani, 2016b: 114.

S. t.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

S. t.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

48) Theridion hemerobium Simon, 1914

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: USA, Canada, Europe, Turkey, Israel, Iran.

References:

T. h.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 6.

T. h.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

T. h.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 17.

49) Theridion hermonense Levy, 1991

Records: Hamedan.

Distribution: Tunisia, Israel, Iran.

References:

T. h.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187.

50) Theridion melanurum Hahn, 1831

Records: Golestan, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Macaronesia, North Africa, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Middle East. Introduced to USA.

References:

T. m.: Komposch, 2002: 103.

T. m.: Kakhki, 2005b: 63.

T. m.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2567.

T. m.: Zamani, 2016b: 115.

T. m.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 194.

51) Theridion varians Hahn, 1833

Records: Fars, Kerman.

Distribution: North America, Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China.

References:

T. v.: Roewer, 1955: 873.