The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2021

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Salticidae Blackwall, 1841

1)   Aelurillus concolor Kulczyński, 1901

Records: Kerman, Khuzestan, Markazi, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Greece, North Macedonia, Turkey, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

Hemsenattus iranus Roewer, 1955: 778, f. 26–27 (♂).

A. c.: Azarkina & Mirshamsi, 2014: 83, f. 2–33 (♂♀).

A. c.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

2)   Aelurillus khorasanicus Azarkina & Mirshamsi, 2014*

Records: Isfahan, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

A. k. Azarkina & Mirshamsi, 2014: 88, f. 34–53 (♂♀).

A. k.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

3)   Aelurillus marusiki Azarkina, 2002*

Records: Fars, Isfahan, Markazi, Tehran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

A. m. Azarkina, 2002: 255, f. 44–52 (♂♀).

A. m.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

A. m.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

4)   Aelurillus m-nigrum Kulczyński, 1891

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: South-eastern Europe, Russia (Europe to Central Asia), Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, China.

References:

A. m.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65.

A. m.: Azarkina & Zamani, 2019: 95.

5)   Aelurillus unitibialis Azarkina, 2002*

Records: Fars, Kerman.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

A. u. Azarkina, 2002: 260, f. 86–95 (♂♀).

A. u.: Zamani & Marusik, 2018c: 73.

A. u.: Azarkina & Zamani, 2019: 95.

6)   Aelurillus westi Azarkina & Zamani, 2019*

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

A. w. Azarkina & Zamani, 2019: 84, f. 1–9, 12–13, 16–19, 21–23 (♂).

7)   Afraflacilla arabica Wesołowska & van Harten, 1994

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Egypt, Yemen, Iran, Afghanistan.

References:

Pseudicius arabicus: Logunov et al., 2007: 228.

8)   Attulus avocator (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, India, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

Sitticus a.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

9)   Attulus karakumensis (Logunov, 1992)^

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

Sitticus k.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 121, f. 9–10 (♂).

10)  Attulus relictarius (Logunov, 1998)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Caucasus (Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan), Iran.

References:

Sitticus r. Logunov, 1998: 78, f. 7–10 (♂♀).

11)  Attulus vilis (Kulczyński, 1895)

Records: Unspecified province.

Distribution: Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Kazakhstan, Central Asia.

References:

Sitticus ammophilus: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017c: 39).

12)  Ballus chalybeius (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Alborz, Golestan, Kurdistan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Tehran, West Azerbaijan.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Central Asia.

References:

B. depressus: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 280.

B. depressus: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 156.

B. c.: Logunov et al., 2007: 226.

B. c.: Zamani, 2016b: 261.

B. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

B. c.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586.

13)  Bianor albobimaculatus (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Africa, Mediterranean to Russia (Europe), Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, Pakistan, India.

References:

B. a.: Mozaffarian & Tirgari, 2000: 106.

B. a.: Mozaffarian, Tirgari & Bayat-Asadi, 2000: 55.

B. a.: Logunov, 2001a: 225.

B. a.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 156.

B. albimaculatus: Ghavami, 2006: 1844 (lapsus).

B. a.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

B. a.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

B. a.: Logunov et al., 2013: 379.

B. a.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

B. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

14)  Carrhotus viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846)

Records: Sistan & Baluchistan.

Distribution: Iran, India to China.

References:

C. v.: Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020: 63.

15)  Chalcoscirtus hosseinieorum Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002*

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

C. h. Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 157, f. 1–2 (♂).

16)  Chalcoscirtus infimus (Simon, 1868)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Central and south-eastern Europe, Russia (Europe), Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Central Asia.

References:

C. i.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 157.

17)  Chalcoscirtus iranicus Logunov & Marusik, 1999*

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

C. i. Logunov & Marusik, 1999: 211, f. 42–43 (♀).

18)  Chalcoscirtus karakurt Marusik, 1991

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Central Asia, Iran.

References:

C. k.: Logunov & Marusik, 1999: 211, f. 38–41 (♂♀).

19)  Chalcoscirtus lepidus Wesołowska, 1996

Records: Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Tehran.

Distribution: Central Asia, Iran.

References:

C. l.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 157.

C. cf. l.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

20)  Chalcoscirtus nigritus (Thorell, 1875)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Fars.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, China.

References:

C. n.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 157.

21)  Chalcoscirtus parvulus Marusik, 1991

Records: Isfahan, Kerman, Tehran.

Distribution: Greece, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

C. p.: Logunov & Marusik, 1999: 224.

C. p.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

C. p.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

22)  Chalcoscirtus platnicki Marusik, 1995

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

C. p.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 63, f. 1–2 (♀).

23)  Chinattus caucasicus Logunov, 1999

Records: East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Caucasus, Iran.

References:

C. c. Logunov, 1999: 146, f. 40–47 (♂♀).

C. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

C. c.: Logunov et al., 2007: 226.

C. c.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586.

24)  Cyrba algerina (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Alborz, Fars, Golestan, Isfahan, Kermanshah, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Canary Is. to Central Asia.

References:

C. a.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

C. a.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

C. a.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

C. a.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 117.

C. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

C. a.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

25) Cyrba ocellata (Kroneberg, 1875)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Sistan & Baluchistan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Eastern Africa to India and Indonesia, Caucasus to Central Asia and China. Introduced to Australia (Queensland).

References:

C. o.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

C. o.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

C. o.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

C. o.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 117.

C. o.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

C. o.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

26)  Euophrys frontalis (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Fars, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

E. f.: Logunov, 1997: 346.

E. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

E. f.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

27)  Euophrys sulphurea (L. Koch, 1867)

Records: Fars, Tehran.

Distribution: Southern Europe, Turkey, Syria, Iran (?).

References:

E. cf. s.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

28)   Evarcha arcuata (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Japan.

References:

E. a.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 158.

29)  Evarcha dena Zamani, 2017*

Records: Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

E. d. Zamani, in Zamani et al., 2017a: 2, f. 1–2 (♂).

30)  Evarcha insularis (Metzner, 1999)

Records: Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Isfahan, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd, Zanjan.

Distribution: Greece, Turkey, Iraq, Iran.

References:

“Hyllus” i.: Logunov, 2001b: 60, f. 4–7 (♂♀).

Hyllus i.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

“Hyllus” i.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

“Hyllus” i.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

Hyllus i.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 37, f. 4L–M (♀).

“Hyllus” i.: Logunov, 2015: 67.

E. i.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

31)  Evarcha negevensis Prószyński, 2000

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Israel, Iran.

References:

E. n.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

32)  Evarcha praeclara Prószyński & Wesołowska, 2003

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Sudan, Israel, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Iran.

References:

E. praecincta: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

33) Heliophanillus fulgens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Fars, Kerman, Khuzestan, Yazd.

Distribution: Greece to Central Asia.

References:

H. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

Heliophanus f.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844 (lapsus).

H. f.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

H. f.: Logunov, 2010: 85.

34)  Heliophanus chovdensis Prószyński, 1982

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Kazakhstan to Mongolia.

References:

H. c.: Logunov et al., 2013: 379.

35)  Heliophanus cupreus (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan (?), Razavi Khorasan (?), Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to West Siberia), Iran, China.

References:

H. c.: Wesołowska, 1986: 215.

H. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. c.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

H. c.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

H. c.: Khodashenas et al., 2012: 131.

36)  Heliophanus curvidens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Hormozgan, Isfahan.

Distribution: Turkey, Israel to China, India.

References:

H. c.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

H. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

37)  Heliophanus decoratus L. Koch, 1875

Records: Fars, Khuzestan.

Distribution: Mediterranean to Iran.

References:

H. d.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. d.: Logunov, 2010: 85.

38)  Heliophanus dunini Rakov & Logunov, 1997

Records: Fars, Tehran.

Distribution: Ukraine, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Kazakhstan.

References:

H. d.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. d.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

39)  Heliophanus edentulus Simon, 1871

Records: Ilam, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Lorestan, Markazi, Tehran.

Distribution: Nigeria, Mediterranean to Iran.

References:

H. e.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. e.: Logunov, 2010: 85.

H. e.: Logunov, 2015: 65.

H. e.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

H. e.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586.

40)  Heliophanus equester L. Koch, 1867

Records: Alborz, Fars, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kurdistan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Italy to Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

H. e.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. e.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

H. e.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

H. e.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

H. e.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

41)  Heliophanus flavipes (Hahn, 1832)

Records: Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan (?), Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China.

References:

H. f.: Wesołowska, 1986: 213.

H. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 159.

H. f.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

H. f.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

H. f.: Khodashenas et al., 2012: 131.

H. f.: Hosseini et al., 2014: 441.

H. aeneus: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108 (misidentified per Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15).

H. f.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

H. f.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

42)  Heliophanus forcipifer Kulczyński, 1895

Records: Ilam, Yazd.

Distribution: Armenia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Central Asia.

References:

H. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

H. f.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

43)  Heliophanus glaucus Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Egypt, Libya, Iran.

References:

H. g.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

44)  Heliophanus iranus Wesołowska, 1986*

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

H. i. Wesołowska, 1986: 223, f. 776–786 (♂♀).

H. i.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

45)  Heliophanus mordax (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Alborz, Fars, Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Greece to Central Asia, Egypt, Iran.

References:

H. m.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

H. m.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

H. m.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

H. m.: Logunov, 2015: 67.

H. m.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

H. m.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

H. m.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

46)  Heliophanus verus Wesołowska, 1986^

Records: Golestan, Kerman, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

H. v. Wesołowska, 1986: 223, f. 789–792 (♂).

H. ignorabilis Wesołowska, 1986: 214, f. 664–665 (♀).

H. v.: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 284.

H. v.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

H. v.: Zamani, 2016b: 268.

H. v.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

47)  Heliophanus xerxesi Logunov, 2009*

Records: Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, Ilam, Isfahan, Kerman, Markazi.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

H. x. Logunov, 2009: 905, f. 13–17 (♂).

H. x.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

H. x.: Azarkina & Zamani, 2020: 21, f. 1–12 (♂♀).

48)   Iranattus rectangularis Prószyński, 1992*

Records: Sistan & Baluchistan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

I. r. Prószyński, 1992: 97, f. 35–40 (♂).

I. r.: Prószyński, 2017a: 33, f. 14K1 (♂).

49)  Langona aperta (Denis, 1958)^

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Afghanistan.

References:

L. a.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 118, f. 1 (♀).

50)  Langona pallidula Logunov & Rakov, 1998^

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

L. p.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

51)  Langona redii (Audouin, 1826)

Records: Fars, Khuzestan.

Distribution: Egypt, Israel, Syria, Yemen, Iran.

References:

L. r.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

L. r.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

52)   Langona tartarica (Charitonov, 1946)

Records: Hormozgan, Kurdistan.

Distribution: Iran, Central Asia, Pakistan, China, Yemen (?).

References:

L. t.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

L. t.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

53)  Macaroeris nidicolens (Walckenaer, 1802)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Macaronesia, Europe, North Africa to Turkey, Caucasus, Turkmenistan, Iran. Introduced to Sri Lanka.

References:

M. n.: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 285.

54)  Marpissa nivoyi (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: Europe, Morocco, Algeria, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia.

References:

M. n.: Logunov, 2010: 86.

55)  Mendoza canestrinii (Ninni, 1868)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam.

References:

M. c.: Mozaffarian & Tirgari, 2000: 106.

M. c.: Mozaffarian, Tirgari & Bayat-Asadi, 2000: 55.

M. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

M. c.: Ghavami, 2006: 1844.

M. c.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

56) Menemerus errabundus Logunov, 2010

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: Israel, Iran.

References:

M. e. Logunov, 2010: 86, f. 1–6 (♂♀).

57)  Menemerus marginatus (Kroneberg, 1875)

Records: Khuzestan, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Caucasus (Russia, Azerbaijan), Kazakhstan, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan.

References:

M. m.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

M. m.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 118.

58) Menemerus semilimbatus (Hahn, 1829)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Canary Is., Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran. Introduced to Argentina, Chile, USA.

References:

M. s.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 160.

59)  Menemerus taeniatus (L. Koch, 1867)

Records: Unspecified province in eastern Iran.

Distribution: Mediterranean to Caucasus. Introduced to Argentina.

References:

M. t.: Huseynov, 2005: 797.

60)  Mexcala farsensis Logunov, 2001*

Records: Fars, Isfahan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

M. f. Logunov, 2001b: 61, f. 1–3 (♀).

M. f.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

61)  Mogrus antoninus Andreeva, 1976

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Russia (Europe to Central Asia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia to China.

References:

M. a.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 118, f. 2–4 (♂♀).

M. a.: Namaghi et al., 2016: 19.

62)  Mogrus larisae Logunov, 1995

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Ukraine, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan.

References:

M. l.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 63.

63) Mogrus neglectus (Simon, 1868)

Records: Fars, Khuzestan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Greece, North Macedonia, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Caucasus (Russia, Azerbaijan), Iran, Kazakhstan.

References:

M. n.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

M. n.: Logunov, 2010: 86.

M. n.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

64) Myrmarachne formicaria (De Geer, 1778)

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Macaronesia, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe, Caucasus, Far East), Iran, China, Korea, Japan. Introduced to USA.

References:

M. f.: Zamani et al., 2014b: 161.

M. f.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

65)  Myrmarachne tristis (Simon, 1882)

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: Libya to India.

References:

M. t.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

66)  Neon levis (Simon, 1871)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Central Asia, China.

References:

N. l.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

67)  Neon rayi (Simon, 1875)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Southern, Central Europe to Kazakhstan, Israel.

References:

N. r.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

68)  Neon reticulatus (Blackwall, 1853)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran, Korea, Japan.

References:

N. r.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

69)  Pellenes bonus Logunov, Marusik & Rakov, 1999

Records: Isfahan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Ukraine (Crimea), Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan.

References:

P. b.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 118, f. 5–6 (♂).

P. b.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

P. b.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

70)  Pellenes brevis (Simon, 1868)

Records: Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Greece, Ukraine, Turkey, Cyprus, Iran.

References:

P. b.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

71)  Pellenes diagonalis (Simon, 1868)

Records: Zanjan.

Distribution: North Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Iran.

References:

P. ostrinus: Zamani et al., 2018a: 186.

72)  Pellenes epularis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: East Azerbaijan, Fars, Isfahan, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Greece to China, Namibia, South Africa.

References:

P. e.: Logunov, Marusik & Rakov, 1999: 125.

P. e.: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 286.

P. e.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

P. e.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119.

P. e.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 57.

73)  Pellenes geniculatus (Simon, 1868)

Records: Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Southern Europe, Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, Caucasus, Middle East, Iran, Kazakhstan, Central Asia.

References:

P. g.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119, f. 7–8 (♂).

P. g.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

74)  Pellenes seriatus (Thorell, 1875)

Records: Golestan, West Azarbayjan (?).

Distribution: France, Greece, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

P. s.: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 287.

75)  Philaeus chrysops (Poda, 1761)

Records: Alborz, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, Fars, Golestan, Ilam, Isfahan, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Kurdistan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Europe, North Africa to Middle East, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, Korea.

References:

P. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 161.

P. c.: Komposch, 2002: 103.

P. c.: Ghavami, 2006: 1845.

P. c.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

P. c.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

P. c.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119.

P. c.: Zamani, 2016b: 274.

P. c.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

P. c.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58, 60.

P. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

P. c.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

P. c.: Logunov & Ponomarev, 2020a: 77.

76)  Phintella castriesiana (Grube, 1861)

Records: Gilan, Mazandaran, South Khorasan.

Distribution: Canary Is., Southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Far East), Korea, Japan.

References:

P. c.: Mozaffarian, Tirgari & Bayat-Asadi, 2000: 55.

P. c.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

P. c.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

P. c.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60.

77)  Phlegra bresnieri (Lucas, 1846)

Records: Isfahan, Mazandaran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Southern Europe, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran, Yemen, Northern Africa, Ivory Coast, Tanzania, South Africa.

References:

P. b.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

P. b.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139.

P. b.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

P. b.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

78) Phlegra cinereofasciata (Simon, 1868)

Records: Ardabil.

Distribution: Portugal to Central Asia.

References:

P. c.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187.

79)  Phlegra dunini Azarkina, 2004

Records: Lorestan, Zanjan.

Distribution: Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

P. d.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 187.

80)   Phlegra fasciata (Hahn, 1826)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, India, China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan.

References:

P. f.: Logunov & Koponen, 2002: 264.

P. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

P. f.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

P. f.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6.

81)  Phlegra tetralineata (Caporiacco, 1939)

Records: Tehran.

Distribution: Ethiopia, Iran.

References:

P. t.: Azarkina, 2004: 103, f. 119, 122–123 (♀).

82)  Phlegra yaelae Prószyński, 1998

Records: Ilam.

Distribution: Tunisia, Israel, Iran.

References:

P. y.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 63.

83)  Plexippoides flavescens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Alborz, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari, Fars, Hormozgan, Ilam, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Greece to Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sudan.

References:

Yllenus starmόhlneri Roewer, 1955: 780, f. 28–29 (♂♀).

Menemerops f. Prószyński, 1992: 99, f. 44–45.

P. f.: Logunov & Marusik, 2000: 288.

P. f.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

P. f.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

P. f.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

P. f.: Logunov, 2010: 87.

P. f.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119.

P. f.: Logunov, 2015: 74.

P. f.: Malek-Hosseini & Zamani, 2017: 25.

P. f.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 58, 60.

P. f.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

P. f.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

84)  Plexippoides gestroi (Dalmas, 1920)

Records: Kermanshah, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, Iran.

References:

P. g.: Zamani et al., 2016: 110.

P. g.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

85)  Plexippus clemens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Records: Ilam, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad.

Distribution: Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Israel, Yemen, Iran, Pakistan, India.

References:

P. c.: Logunov, 2010: 87, f. 7–12 (♂♀).

P. c.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

P. c.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

86)  Plexippus gershomi Prószyński, 2017

Records: Golestan, Kerman, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Israel, Iran.

References:

P. devorans: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58).

P. devorans: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 119 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58).

P. devorans: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 58).

87)  Plexippus iranus Logunov, 2009*

Records: Hormozgan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. i. Logunov, 2009: 908, f. 18–19 (♀).

P. i.: Prószyński, 2017b: 59, f. 6D–D1 (♀).

88)  Plexippus paykulli (Audouin, 1826)

Records: Golestan, Hormozgan, Isfahan, Kerman, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Tehran.

Distribution: Africa. Introduced to both Americas, Europe, Middle East, India, China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Pacific Is.

References:

P. p.: Logunov et al., 2007: 227.

P. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

P. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

P. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 36, f. 2H–J, 4H–I (♂♀).

P. p.: Zamani, 2016b: 277.

P. p.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

89)  Plexippus strandi Spassky, 1939

Records: Alborz, Tehran.

Distribution: Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan (?), Greece (?).

References:

P. coccineus: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162 (misidentified per Prószyński, 2017b: 66).

90)  Proszynskiana iranica Logunov, 1996 (?)

Records: North Khorasan (?).

Distribution: Turkmenistan, Iran (?).

References:

P. i. Logunov, 1996: 174, f. 7–8, 40–46 (♂♀).

Comment: Although this species has not been recorded from Iran, Logunov (1996) assumed that it should be widespread in northeastern part of the country.

91) Proszynskiana izadii Azarkina & Zamani, 2019*

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. i. Azarkina & Zamani, 2019: 87, f. 27–46, 53–54 (♂♀, epigyne lost; not figured).

92)  Proszynskiana logunovi Azarkina & Zamani, 2019*

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. l. Azarkina & Zamani, 2019: 92, f. 47–52, 55–70 (♂♀).

93)  Pseudeuophrys erratica (Walckenaer, 1826)

Records: Golestan, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, China, Korea, Japan. Introduced to USA.

References:

P. e.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

P. e.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586.

94)  Pseudeuophrys lanigera (Simon, 1871)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran (?). Introduced to USA.

References:

P. cf. l.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586, f. 10C–D (♀).

95)  Pseudicius badius (Simon, 1868)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: France (Corsica), Italy to Iran.

References:

P. b.: Logunov, 2015: 76, f. 104–105 (♂).

96) Pseudicius palaestinensis Strand, 1915

Records: Fars, Khuzestan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Turkey, Azerbaijan, Israel, Iran.

References:

P. p.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

P. p.: Logunov, 2010: 88, f. 13–16 (♂♀).

97)  Rafalus variegatus (Kroneberg, 1875)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran, Central Asia.

References:

R. v.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

98) Rudakius afghanicus (Andreeva, Hęciak & Prószyński, 1984)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: United Arab Emirates, Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan.

References:

Pseudicius a.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

99) Rudakius cinctus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885)

Records: Qazvin, Tehran.

Distribution: Azerbaijan, Iran, Central Asia to China.

References:

Pseudicius c.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 37, f. 2K–L, 4J–K (♀).

R. c.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

100)  Rudakius ludhianaensis (Tikader, 1974)

Records: Khuzestan.

Distribution: Iran, Pakistan, India.

References:

Pseudicius admirandus Logunov, 2007: 21, f. 1–5 (♂♀).

101)  Rudakius rudakii (Prószyński, 1992)*

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

Pseudicius r. Prószyński, 1992: 110, f. 80–82 (♂).

102)  Rudakius spasskyi (Andreeva, Hęciak & Prószyński, 1984)

Records: Alborz, Gilan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Azerbaijan, Iran, Central Asia.

References:

Pseudicius s.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 162.

Pseudicius s.: Logunov et al., 2007: 228.

Pseudicius s.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 5.

Pseudicius s.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139.

Pseudicius s.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 121.

R. s.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 15.

R. s.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

103) Salticus cingulatus (Panzer, 1797)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Iran, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Mongolia.

References:

S. c.: Roewer, 1955: 781.

104) Salticus insperatus Logunov, 2009*

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. i. Logunov, 2009: 913, f. 30–35 (♂).

105) Salticus lucasi Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020*

Records: Isfahan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. l. Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64, f. 3–10 (♂).

106) Salticus noordami Metzner, 1999

Records: Markazi, West Azerbaijan.

Distribution: Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Iran.

References:

S. n.: Logunov, 2009: 915, f. 36–42 (♂♀).

107) Salticus scenicus (Clerck, 1757)

Records: Gilan, Razavi Khorasan, Zanjan.

Distribution: North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Iran.

References:

S. c.: Ghavami, 2006: 1845.

S. c.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

108) Salticus tricinctus (C. L. Koch, 1846)

Records: Alborz, Fars, Ilam, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Mediterranean to Central Asia, Afghanistan.

References:

S. t.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163.

S. t.: Logunov et al., 2013: 380.

S. t.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

S. t.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 210.

S. t.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

S. t.: Logunov & Ponomarev, 2020a: 79.

S. t.: Zamani et al., 2020: 586.

109) Salticus zebraneus (C. L. Koch, 1837)

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe, Caucasus), Iran.

References:

S. z.: Zamani, 2015: 16.

110) Sibianor aurocinctus (Ohlert, 1865)

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, Iran, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

Bianor a.: Roewer, 1955: 778.

Comment: Most probably a misidentification and may refer to B. albobimaculatus.

111) Stenaelurillus marusiki Logunov, 2001*

Records: Fars, Isfahan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. m. Logunov, 2001b: 66, f. 27–30 (♂).

S. m.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

112) Synageles persianus Logunov, 2004^

Records: Isfahan, Markazi, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Yazd.

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran.

References:

S. dalmaticus: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163 (misidentified per Logunov, 2004: 37).

S. p. Logunov, 2004: 37, f. 26–28, 33–35 (♂♀).

S. dalmaticus: Ghavami, 2006: 1845 (misidentified per Logunov, 2004: 37).

S. p.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 121.

S. p.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.

113) Talavera aequipes (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871)

Records: Kermanshah, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Iran, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, China, Japan.

References:

T. a.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163.

T. a.: Logunov & Kronestedt, 2003: 1141.

T. a.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

114)   Thyene imperialis (Rossi, 1846)

Records: Alborz, Ardabil, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Hormozgan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kurdistan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Southern Europe, North and East Africa, Middle East to Central Asia and China, Pakistan, India, Indonesia.

References:

T. i.: Logunov, Marusik & Mozaffarian, 2002: 163.

T. i.: Ghavami, 2006: 1845.

T. i.: Logunov et al., 2007: 228.

T. i.: Ghavami & Amooz, 2008: 74.

T. i.: Logunov, 2010: 89.

T. i.: Ghahari & Tabari, 2012: 139.

T. i.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

T. i.: Mirshamsi et al., 2013: 121.

T. i.: Namaghi, Kaykhosravi & Zamani, 2014: 108.

T. i.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

T. i.: Zamani, 2016b: 281.

T. i.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 16.

T. i.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 60.

T. i.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

T. i.: Zamani, Hosseini & Moradmand, 2020: 64.