The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2021

Home Checklist Omitted Records Bibliography

 

Pholcidae C. L. Koch, 1850

1)   Artema doriae (Thorell, 1881)

Records: Alborz, Fars, Hamedan, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, Yazd, Zanjan.

Distribution: Turkey, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Afghanistan. Introduced to Japan.

References:

Pholcus d. Thorell, 1881: 180 (♂).

A. transcaspica: Roewer, 1955: 752 (misidentified per Mozaffarian & Marusik, 2001: 71).

A. doriai: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 35, f. 1M–N, 3L–M (♀).

A. doriai: Malek Hosseini, Zamani & Sadeghi, 2015: 92.

A. doriai: Zamani, 2016b: 62.

A. d.: Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 14.

A. d.: Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev, 2017: 30, f. 1, 91–101, 103–107, 115–120, 205, 212 (♂♀).

A. d.: Zamani et al., 2018a: 193.

A. d.: Zamani & Marusik, 2018c: 73.

A. d.: Hosseinpour et al., 2019: 209.

2)   Artema transcaspica Spassky, 1934

Records: Razavi Khorasan, Semnan.

Distribution: Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

References:

A. t.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4 (attributed to A. doriae by Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev, 2017: 30, rejected by Zamani et al., 2020: 585).

A. t.: Sadeghi et al., 2016: 6 (attributed to A. doriae by Aharon, Huber & Gavish-Regev, 2017: 30, rejected by Zamani et al., 2020: 585).

A. t.: Zamani et al., 2020: 585, f. 10A–B (♂).

3)   Nita elsaff Huber & El-Hennawy, 2007

Records: Kerman, Mazandaran.

Distribution: Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Uzbekistan.

References:

N. e.: Zamani et al., 2017b: 65, f. 5A–D (♂).

N. e.: Zamani & Marusik, 2018c: 73.

4)   Pholcus alticeps Spassky, 1932

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan.

Distribution: Germany to Ukraine, Russia (Europe to West Siberia), Caucasus, Iran, Tajikistan.

References:

P. a.: Senglet, 1974: 804, f. 9–14, 35 (♂♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2008: 356.

P. a.: Huber, 2011: 381, f. 1755, 1786–1787, 1836–1852 (♂♀).

5)   Pholcus armeniacus Senglet, 1974*

Records: West Azerbaijan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. a. Senglet, 1974: 810, f. 29–34, 37 (♂♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2001: 55, f. 37 (♀).

P. a.: Senglet, 2008: 358.

P. a.: Huber, 2011: 377, f. 1748–1750, 1778–1779, 1823–1828 (♂♀).

6)   Pholcus arsacius Senglet, 2008*

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. a. Senglet, 2008: 363, f. 40–46, 55–56 (♂♀).

7)   Pholcus caspius Senglet, 2008*

Records: Mazandaran.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. c. Senglet, 2008: 360, f. 17–24, 49–50 (♂♀).

8)   Pholcus elymaeus Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kermanshah.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. e. Senglet, 2008: 360, f. 25–32, 51–52 (♂♀).

9)   Pholcus hyrcanus Senglet, 1974*

Records: Golestan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. h. Senglet, 1974: 806, f. 1–8, 36 (♂♀).

P. h.: Huber, 2011: 379, f. 1751, 1780–1781, 1829–1830 (♂♀).

10)  Pholcus hystaspus Senglet, 2008*

Records: Golestan, North Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. h. Senglet, 2008: 358, f. 10–16 (♂♀).

11)  Pholcus medicus Senglet, 1974*

Records: East Azerbaijan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Zanjan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. m. Senglet, 1974: 808, f. 23–28, 39–40 (♂♀).

P. m.: Senglet, 2008: 358, f. 47–48 (♀).

P. m.: Huber, 2011: 379, f. 1752–1753, 1782–1783, 1831–1832 (♂♀).

12)  Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank, 1781)

Records: Kerman.

Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Egypt, Iran (?).

References:

P. o.: Roewer, 1955: 752.

Comment: This species is misidentified.

13)  Pholcus parthicus Senglet, 2008*

Records: North Khorasan.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. p. Senglet, 2008: 362, f. 33–39, 53–54 (♂♀).

14)   Pholcus persicus Senglet, 1974*

Records: Fars.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

P. p. Senglet, 1974: 807, f. 15–22, 38 (♂♀).

P. p.: Huber, 2011: 381, f. 1754, 1784–1785, 1833–1835 (♂♀).

15)  Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin, 1775)

Records: Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran.

Distribution: Western Asia. Introduced to both Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and numerous islands.

References:

P. p.: Komposch, 2002: 103.

P. p.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2566.

P. p.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4.

P. p.: Huber, 2011: 375, f. 20, 1760–1762, 1790–1791, 1819–1822 (♂♀).

P. p.: Kashefi et al., 2013: 13.

P. p.: Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 35, f. 1I–L, 3H–K (♂♀).

P. p.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

P. p.: Zamani et al., 2019b: 240.

16)  Pholcus velitchkovskyi Kulczyński, 1913

Records: North Khorasan.

Distribution: Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Central Asia, Iran.

References:

P. v.: Senglet, 2008: 355, f. 1–9 (♂♀).  

17)   Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874)

Records: Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: North America. Introduced to Africa, Czech, Iran, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Pacific islands.

References:

P. g.: Kakhki, 2005b: 61.

18)  Psilochorus simoni (Berland, 1911)

Records: Golestan, Khuzestan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan.

Distribution: USA. Introduced to Europe, Turkey, Iran, New Zealand.

References:

P. s.: Ghavami et al., 2007: 2566.

P. s.: Ghahari & Marusik, 2009: 4.

P. s.: Zamani, 2015: 15.

19)  Spermophora persica Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kermanshah.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. p. Senglet, 2008: 372, f. 107–117 (♂♀).

20)  Spermophora senoculata (Dugès, 1836)

Records: North Khorasan, West Azerbaijan.

Distribution: Middle East. Introduced to USA, southern Europe, China, Korea, Japan.

References:

S. s.: Senglet, 2008: 370, f. 106 (♀).

21)  Spermophora senoculatoides Senglet, 2008*

Records: Kermanshah.

Distribution: Iran.

References:

S. s. Senglet, 2008: 370, f. 96–105 (♂♀).